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Les représentations du «fou» du «malade mental», du «dépressif» et les opinions vis-à-vis des hôpitaux psychiatriques sont-elles homogènes selon les populations des sites enquêtés ?

Abstract : The images of the «madness», the «mentally ill» or the «depression» in the French population are disparate. Nevertheless, some characteristics are found with high frequency: the «depressive» is rather seen as an isolated person, the «mentally ill» as a mental defective with bizarre speech, while «crazy» would rather characterized by violence (delusions and violent towards others, beat his family, incest). The «mentally ill» is sometimes defined by these last criteria. These images are not influenced by knowledge of a relative suffering from mental illness or a psychiatric episode experienced by the interviewee. The causes of mental illness (the «madness» and «mentally ill»), two contradictory trends have expressed. Some believe it has a physical origin, and in that case the healing is difficult and care must be hospitable. Others believe it was originally a non-physical (social), and in this case, recovery is possible, and care must be ambulatory. People surveyed in some sites have homogeneous opinions in this regard: Berk, Thuir or Guéret, the first opinion is mainly expressed, whereas the opposite trend was observed in Villejuif, Niort, Lille, Poitiers, Paris15, Paris10. In contrast, for depression, the cause is, for almost the entire population, non-physical. Overall, 41% of French people support psychiatric hospitals, while 32% oppose, preferring ambulatory solutions. In fact, opinions differ so widely among survey sites. They are not influenced by the images of people surveyed vis-à-vis the «madness», the «mentally ill» or the «depression». The way of organizing psychiatric sectorization (taken care rather intra-hospital versus extra-hospital, number of agents, etc.) does not influence either the image of «mad», the «mentally ill» or «depression» in population, nor the opinions vis-à-vis psychiatric hospitals. We deduce that these images are generated by other factors, probably cultural factors
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https://hal.ehesp.fr/hal-03118585
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Submitted on : Friday, January 22, 2021 - 12:53:26 PM
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Frédérique Quidu, J.P. Escaffre. Les représentations du «fou» du «malade mental», du «dépressif» et les opinions vis-à-vis des hôpitaux psychiatriques sont-elles homogènes selon les populations des sites enquêtés ?. L'Encéphale, Elsevier Masson, 2010, 36 (3), pp.15-19. ⟨10.1016/S0013-7006(10)70013-0⟩. ⟨hal-03118585⟩

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