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✅ Glossary


Book free icon      ABCs of Open Access  

 


                                                           


 

 

 

 

 


A for Accepted

Manuscript that is accepted. Your research in raw after peer review but before publisher formatting. See more

 

         

Altmetrics
Altmetrics are alternative ways of recording and measuring the use and impact od scholarship. Rather than solely counting the number of times a work is cited in scholarly literature, alternative metrics also measure and analyse social media (e.g.  Facebook, Twitter, blogs, wikis, etc.) , document dowloads, links to publishing and unpublished research, and other uses of research literature, in order to provide a more comprehensive measurement of scholarships reach and impact.

 

 

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Bibliometrics
Bibliometrics is the branch of library and information science concerned with the application of mathematical and statistical analysis to bibliography. Bibliometrics involves the statistical analysis of books, articles, or other publication.


         

B for Books
Books!  Open Monographs! Long form publications.
 

 

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CC attribution (BY)
CC : creative common - CC-BY: a licence clause that allows the reuse, sharing and remixing of materials providing author is appropriately attributed. Aside from the attribution the CC-BY licence has no other restrictions on copying. Compatible with free cultural works. See more

C for Copyright

Copyright is a form of intellectual property protecting creative works, including images. See more

 

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Diamond Open Access
Basically these journals are free to read and free to publish in. In the humanities you see quite a lot of Diamond Open Access journals. They charge no APCs and are often financed vy sponsorships, grants, institutional funds, etc.

D for DOI

DOI : Digital object identifier - how the computer locates your article/data from another. Crucial for locating Open Access in an internet of millions of articles. See more

 

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E for Embargo
Embargo period: a length of time imposed on a research output for users who have not paid for access, or do not have institutional access, before it is made freely available.
 
An Open Access embargo is the time period specified by a publisher before the Accepted manuscript can be made available to the public - Find out what green OA embargo a journal applies using Sherpa Romeo

 

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F for Finding
Locating Open Access items can be a bit tricky. Recommendation is to get  Browser Extensions like https://openaccessbutton.org or https://unpaywall.org   See more

Final draft
The latest draft sent by the author to the publisher, after a possible peer review. In practice, this article version features the finalised content and its content is identical to that published by the publisher, but this version does not have the final layout, i.e. it does not feature the logos and page numbers (journal layout) of the published version. Names: Accepted Manuscript (AM) / Author Accepted Manuscript (AAM) / post print / or post-refereeing are also used

 

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G for Gold and Green
The two primary colours of Open Access. Short explanation: Green OA uploads your AAM into a repository, while Gold OA is open at the publisher's end.  See more 

Gold Open Access
Open Access at the time of publication. Gold Open Access can be considered to be 'born Open Access'. Fully Open Access Journals often (but not always) charge a fee for publication.

Green Open access
Making a version of work (usually an AAM) available in an open access repository. These can be institutional such as the Cambridge Repository or subject based, such as arXiv, PubMed Central, RePEc or SSRN. Placing work in ResearchGate or Academia.edu is not considered to be green open access. Green Open Access can be considered to be 'secondary Open Access'

 

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H for Hybrid
Hybrid, Green/Gold OA's sibling. Journals that operate primarily under a subscription/paywalled model. With individual articles made OA with article processing charges. WARNING: Some funders do not allow certain hybrid models! See more
 
Hybrid journals
Hybrid journals are subscription journals that charge an extra fee to make a specific article Open Access while the remainder of the journal remains behind a paywall. This type of Gold Open Access is always accompanied by a fee.

 

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I for Impact
There are many advantages to publishing Open Access but at it's core, publishing OA will improve the societal impact of your research. Remember, not everyone can access paywalled articles. See more
 
Institutional Repository
An online database designed to collect the intellectual output of a particular institution or university, including digital collections such as electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs), pre-prints, or faculty scholarship, and presents associated metadata regarding the these items See more

 

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J for Journals
This is where we tip our hat to the team over at DOAJplus. Who's hard work on their whitelist of Open Access journals is monumental - 16,576 titles for you to peruse and publish in! 11,855 without APCs (2021/07/08)  Start your OA journal journey.

 

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K for Knowledge
Learning 'everything' about Open Access and Open Scholarship isn't easy. There's a lot of information and knowledge out there! But you can start with @JiscOpenRes handy short guides

 

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L for Licence
We talked earlier about appying licences to your work, but what about finding items using licences? See more   Still more

 

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M for Mandate
Funder mandates are a key influence on Open Access. See more   
 
Metadata
Metadata is structured information that describes, explains, locates or otherwise makes it easier to retrieve, use or manage an information resource. Metadata is often called data about data or information about information. The term 'documentation' encompasses all the information necessary to interpret, understand and use a given dataset or set of documents. On this website, we use 'documentation' and 'metadata' (data about data - usually embedded in the data files/documents themselves) interchangeably.

 

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N for Negotiate
Does your publisher make no mention of  Open Access? Ask them about their policies (particularly towards Green OA) and discuss your OA wants (especially if your funder mandates it!) Start the conversation. You never know where it will lead!

 

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Open access
Making peer reviewed scholarly manuscripts freely available via the Internet, permitting any user to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full text of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any lawful purpose, without financial, legal or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. 


         

Open access journals
One way of providing Open Access is to publish in an Open Access Journal. These journals make their articles available for free by funding their publication services in other ways than through end-user subscriptions. A lot of journals fund their workings by charging Article Processing Charges (APCs), although not all publishers do and there exist huge variations in the actual amount of the APC. 


         

O for ORCID
The lovely people over at ORCID.Org have created a number that means you'll never be mistook for another researcher with the same name again (as well as many other nifty benefits)  See more          
 
An ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) is a non proprietary alphanumeric code to uniquely identify academic author and contributors.

ORCID: number that means you'll never be mistook for another researcher with the same name again. See more

 

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Peer review
Process of evaluation of an academic article or book, prior to publication to ensure a certain standard of quality. Peers are experts in the article’s subject or discipline. There are many ways of reviewing, e.g. double blind peer review, board reviews and more recently open review, or other forms such as post-publication peer review.
 
P for Pre-Print
Pre-print - a manuscript draft that has not yet been subject to formal peer review, distributed to receive early feedback on research from peers.
Started out by the physicists over at @arxivnow there are so many pre-print servers we can't name them all here! Pre-print's are how you can diseminate your research in raw for your community of researchers! See more
 
Post-Print
Post-print - a manuscript draft after it has been peer reviewed

 

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Q for Quality
The OA label covers a range of components such as readership, reuse, copyright, posting, and machine readability. It's always important to consider the 'openness' of your publisher when you publish. See more

 

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R for Repository
An online database of Open Access works. Repositories do not undertake peer review but do hold material that has been peer reviewed elsewhere. In addition repositories can hold 'grey literature' such as Theses, Discussion Papers, Datasets and other material.

 

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Sherpa/Romeo
RoMEO is part of the SHERPA Services based at the University of Nottingham. RoMEO has collaborative relationships with many international partners, who contribute time and effort to developing and maintaining the service. Current RoMEO development is funded by JISC.
 
S for Symplectic
There are many ways to deposit articles but if you wish to deposit into the Oxford Research Archive you will need to use Symplectic 

 

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T for Transformative
We've been very busy at Oxford signing up to Transformative Agreements to assist our researchers. You can find a full list of our signed and sealed ones here

 

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U for UKRI

 

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V for V.O.R. Version
The Version of Record (V.O.R.)  is the copy of your research formatted, reviewed and copyedited by the publisher. The Gold OA route will make it open access! See more

 

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W for Wellcome
The fist Plan S signatory to release a new policy (which commenced Jan '21 but backdates to previous grants) if you're funded (or applying for funding) it's worth checking out the overview here
 

 

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X for Xerox
(Borrowing the USA parlance because X is hard!). One of the major benefits of Open Access is it simplifies the process of creating copies for education or academic purposes. Imagine being able to copy an article and distribute it before a conference presentation!

 

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Y for You
Open Access can only work when researchers buy in. So you should always hold it in the forefront when you're publishing. Does the journal you're investigating have open access policies? Check on Sherpa Romeo

 

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Zenodo
Zenodo is a research data repository for all disciplines created by OpenAire and CERN
         
Z for Zero
A primary focuss of the new cOAlition Plan S is zero embargo on an AAM deposit (GreenOA) at the point of publication. You can read more about Plan S here

 

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Maj de la page : 2021/07/08