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Evaluation of a tele-expertise experiment for skin cancer detection: the perspective of GPs

Abstract : Background The incidence of skin cancer has shown an increasing trend in the world and in France over the last four decades. In this context, the delay to access a specialist opinion strongly impacts the patient outcomes. However, the medical demographics of dermatologists in France have been decreasing over the past years. Hence, a tele-expertise (TLE) experiment for skin tumors detection, which allows general practitioners to obtain feedback from a dermatologist within 7 days using a smartphone application, has been set up in the Hauts-de-France region since 2015. Thus, this study aims at understanding the advantages and drawbacks of TLE in the detection of skin tumors perceived by general practitioners. Methods Exploratory study carried out with 15 general practitioners participating in the experiment in the Hauts-de-France region. Semi-structured interviews were conducted between february and april 2021 and analyzed after transcription. Results The main advantages perceived by general practitioners are: (i) fast access to a specialized feedback; (ii) formalization of the request and commitment of the dermatologist; (iii) ease of regulating patients to a specialist; (iv) lower travel frequency and stress for patients; (v) ability to send medical information securely. The drawbacks are most related to the lack of functionalities and the graphical user interface of the application. Conclusions Tele-expertise is a well accepted technological innovation in dermatology among general practitioners, which enables the best use of the scarce medical resources available in the region and to address the needs of patients. The sustainability of TLE in dermatology and its extension to other territories is possible and desirable. Key messages Tele-expertise in dermatology has its place in enabling the early management of malignant skin tumors. The qualitative approach makes it possible to understand general practitioners visions after the introduction of a technological innovation into their practices.
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https://hal.ehesp.fr/hal-03820907
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 19, 2022 - 12:27:05 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 25, 2022 - 3:24:06 PM

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C Terenzi Seixas, Laurie Marrauld, Y Bourgueil, Claude Sicotte. Evaluation of a tele-expertise experiment for skin cancer detection: the perspective of GPs. European Journal of Public Health, 2021, 31 (Supplement_3), ⟨10.1093/eurpub/ckab165.305⟩. ⟨hal-03820907⟩

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