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Évaluation de l’application du protocole national de traitement du paludisme simple dans les formations sanitaires de la ville de Kigali, Rwanda

Abstract : In November 2001, the National Health Ministry of Rwanda advocated a new therapeutic protocol replacing chloroquine by an amodiaquine + sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine combination for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria. Objectives This study had for aim to assess the application of this new protocol in Kigali healthcare institutions. Population and Methods A knowledge, attitudes and practices study (KAP) was carried out between June and August 2003. A questionnaire was answered by 120 care providers working in 15 healthcare institutions selected randomly in health facilities treating uncomplicated malaria. Antimalarial treatments prescribed to 150 patients were also reviewed from consultation files and analyzed. Results After analysis, 63.3% prescriptions were in line with the national protocol. Factors associated to the nonobservance of the national protocol were: the carer's ignorance of any recommended treatment, his doubt of efficacy of recommended drugs, and his fear of adverse effects. Conclusions The authors recommend informing the care providers about the national protocol. Findings also demonstrate the need to include care providers in any modifications of the national policy in terms of drug efficacy and potential adverse effects of the new strategy.
Keywords : Rwanda Malaria
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https://hal.ehesp.fr/hal-03703071
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 23, 2022 - 3:56:09 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 24, 2022 - 3:15:46 AM

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M. Nzayirambaho, Robert Jean Freund, P. Millet, P. Lombrail, D. Malvy, et al.. Évaluation de l’application du protocole national de traitement du paludisme simple dans les formations sanitaires de la ville de Kigali, Rwanda. Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses, Elsevier Masson, 2008, 38 (3), pp.119-124. ⟨10.1016/j.medmal.2007.08.003⟩. ⟨hal-03703071⟩

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