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Approche socio-historique de la lutte contre les infections nosocomiales en France

Abstract : This article argues that the emergence of nosocomial infections as a public health issue is the result of specific socio-cultural processes. An analysis of the French periodical Revue d'Hygiène et de Médecine Sociale over the period 1953-1988 and of the discourse of national actors in the fight against hospital-acquired infections demonstrates that the recognition of nosocomial infections as a public health issue occurred almost independently of objective criteria related to frequency or severity. It is suggested that professional and societal factors provide a better explanation of the emergence of nosocomial infections as a public health issue. Nosocomial infections essentially rescued ?Hygiene', a discipline threatened by the reorganization of the university-hospital system following the 1958 reform. Having entered hospitals, hygienists have had to compete with microbiologists also involved in a subject that has attracted an increasing number of actors from a range of fields. Beyond the development of a public health issue, a battlefield of symbolic fights is thus emerging.
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https://hal.ehesp.fr/hal-03624718
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 30, 2022 - 2:27:38 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 31, 2022 - 3:03:13 AM

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Christophe Le Rat, Christine Quélier, Pascal Jarno, Jacques Chaperon. Approche socio-historique de la lutte contre les infections nosocomiales en France. Santé Publique, 2010, 22 (4), pp.367-378. ⟨10.3917/spub.104.0367⟩. ⟨hal-03624718⟩

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