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Journal Articles PLoS Currents Year : 2010

The 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza vaccination in France: who accepted to receive the vaccine and why?

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Abstract

Introduction: Previous studies investigating determinants of 2009 (H1N1) pandemic influenza vaccine acceptance have focused on target groups such as healthcare workers. Few studies in the European Union have examined the self-reported reasons as well as predictive socio-demographic and health factors for pandemic influenza vaccine acceptance in the general population, even though influenza vaccine was recommended for all people. Methods: A nationwide telephone survey was conducted in France during the peak of the outbreak that occurred in December 2009 in adults (≥ 16 years), using a proportional random-digit dialing. Results: Interviews were completed by 1003 individuals, of whom 275 (27.4%) either had received pandemic influenza vaccine during the last weeks or intended to get vaccinated in the next weeks. Acceptance rates of pandemic vaccine were significantly higher among men, more educated and wealthier people, as well as persons who had a prior experience of influenza vaccination. The patterns of self-reported reasons for vaccine acceptance could be broadly divided into 3 groups related to (1) the mental representation of the threat - in particular the beliefs associated with the severity and personal vulnerability to the illness, (2) the perception of efficacy and safety of the vaccine, and (3) trust/distrust toward those advocating the vaccine. Conclusions: This national study indicates that social and cognitive determinants of pandemic influenza vaccine acceptance among French adults were relatively similar to those identified by previous studies of acceptance of seasonal influenza vaccine.

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hal-03624697 , version 1 (30-03-2022)

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Jocelyn Raude, Anne-Laure Caille-Brillet, Michel Setbon. The 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza vaccination in France: who accepted to receive the vaccine and why?. PLoS Currents, 2010, 2, pp.RRN1188. ⟨10.1371/currents.RRN1188⟩. ⟨hal-03624697⟩

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