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Risk of pressure ulcers in tetraplegic people: a French survey crossing regional experience with a long-term follow-up

Abstract : Background: Pressure ulcer risk assessment provides an indicator of quality of care in French health establishments. The reliability and validity of assessment tools have been shown to be lower for people with spinal cord injury (SCI). We hypothesized that skin complications would be less frequent in people with traumatic SCI and tetraplegia (TSCIt), who were initially managed in French regions with a high level of specialized SCI rehabilitation experience. Methods: First, we used the most recent French territorial survey about SCI to determine a 'Level of Regional Experience (LRE) in Specialized Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation'. We then studied the individual variables reported in the Tetrafigap survey (which compiled a cohort of TSCIts people to assess their trajectory and life conditions following their return to community life by questionnaires) using univariate analysis according to these LREs (chi2 test using a significance threshold of P < 0.05). Finally, we performed a series of logistic regressions to determine the link between LREs and pressure ulcers. Results: Management in high-LRE regions was linked with a lower declaration of pressure ulcers during early treatment and in the long term (on average, 8 years post-trauma). Conclusions: Using pressure ulcers as a marker, our study showed the protective element of regional experience in the early management of TSCIts patients. A dilution effect between SCI specialized units and more polyvalent physical medicine and rehabilitation departments should be prevented within each region within the scope of a regional organization that would link referral centres and local health care networks.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 28, 2021 - 12:24:36 PM
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Marc Le Fort, Maude Espagnacq, Thierry Albert, Chloë Lefèvre, Brigitte Perrouin-Verbe, et al.. Risk of pressure ulcers in tetraplegic people: a French survey crossing regional experience with a long-term follow-up. European Journal of Public Health, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy B - Oxford Open Option D, 2018, 28 (6), pp.993-999. ⟨10.1093/eurpub/cky084⟩. ⟨hal-03124009⟩



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