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Risk Analyses of Pressure Ulcer in Tetraplegic Spinal Cord-Injured Persons: A French Long-Term Survey

Abstract : Objective: To identify the long-term clinical, individual, and social risk factors for the development of pressure ulcers (PUs) in traumatic spinal cord-injured persons with tetraplegia (TSCIt). Design: Cohort survey with self-applied questionnaires in 1995 and 2006. Setting: Thirty-five French-speaking European physical medicine and rehabilitation centers participating in the Tetrafigap surveys. Participants: Tetraplegic adults (N=1641) were surveyed after an initial posttraumatic period of at least 2 years. Eleven years later, a follow-up was done for 1327 TSCIt, among whom 221 had died and 547 could be surveyed again. Interventions: Not applicable. Main outcome measures: The proportion of PUs documented at the various defined time points, relative to the medical and social situations of the TSCIt, by using univariate analyses followed by logistic regression. Results: Of the participants, 73.4% presented with a PU during at least 1 period after their injury. Four factors had an effect on the occurrence of PUs in the long-term. Protective features for this population were incomplete motor impairment (odds ratio, 0.5) and the ability to walk (odds ratio, 0.2), whereas a strong predictive factor was the development of a PU during the initial posttrauma phase (odds ratio, 2.7). Finally, a significant situational factor was the lack of a social network (odds ratio, 3.1). Conclusions: We believe that the highlighting of a motor incomplete feature of SCI (protective against the development of a PU) and of a medical risk factor, an early PU (which served as a definitive marker of the trajectory of TSCIt), together with a social situational factor, indicates the crucial role of initial management and long-term follow-up.
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Marc Le Fort, Maude Espagnacq, Brigitte Perrouin-Verbe, Jean-François Ravaud. Risk Analyses of Pressure Ulcer in Tetraplegic Spinal Cord-Injured Persons: A French Long-Term Survey. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, WB Saunders, 2017, 98 (9), pp.1782-1791. ⟨10.1016/j.apmr.2016.12.017⟩. ⟨hal-03123825⟩



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