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Translational research to reduce trans-fat intakes in Northern Québec (Nunavik) Inuit communities: a success story?

Abstract : Following our results, based on population studies conducted in Greenland and Northern Canada, that Nunavik Inuit were thrice as highly exposed to dietary trans-fat as were Greenlandic Inuit, and that the biological levels found in Nunavik were already associated with deleterious blood lipid profiles, we decided to engage in translational activities. Our goal was to support Inuit communities in the practical implementation of a reduction of the trans-fat content of food sold in Nunavik. We carried out a preliminary feasibility study in Kuujjuaq and participated in several meetings. This translational phase involved an Inuk leader, an Inuk student, a southern student, a southern nutritionist and a southern researcher in the framework of a public health project. In the present article, we recount the different phases of the process, from research implementation to results dissemination and institutional commitment to implement a primary prevention program of reduction in trans-fat exposure in Nunavik. This is the occasion to draw broader conclusions on the factors that could either act in favour of or, on the contrary, would likely compromise the implementation of primary prevention interventions dealing with food and nutrition in the Arctic. Finally, we share some reflections on future translational activities dealing with trans-fat as well as other junk food issues. The analytical framework we propose integrates a range of factors, from geo-climatic to socio-economic, ethno-cultural, and even political, that we think should be examined while identifying and building preventive recommendations and strategies related to the Northern diet.
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Emilie Counil, Marie-Josée Gauthier, Valérie Blouin, Minnie Grey, Eli Angiyou, et al.. Translational research to reduce trans-fat intakes in Northern Québec (Nunavik) Inuit communities: a success story?. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, Co-Action Publishing: Creative Commons Attribution, 2012, Knowledge Translation in Arctic Health Research, 71 (1), pp.18833. ⟨10.3402/ijch.v71i0.18833⟩. ⟨hal-03118706⟩



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