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Implementing a clinical cutting-edge and decision-making activity: an ethnographic teamwork approach to a molecular tumorboard

Nathalie Bot 1 Mathias Waelli 2, 3
2 EA MOS - EA Management des Organisations de Santé
EHESP - École des Hautes Études en Santé Publique [EHESP] : EA 7348 MOS , PRES Sorbonne Paris Cité
Abstract : Background: New technology implementation in healthcare must address important challenges such as interdisciplinary approaches. In oncology, molecular tumorboard (MTB) settings require biomedical researchers and clinical practitioners to collaborate and work together. While acknowledging that MTBs have been primarily investigated from a clinical rather than an organizational perspective, this article analyzes team processes and dynamics in a newly implemented MTB. Methods: A systemic case study of a newly implemented MTB in a Swiss teaching hospital was conducted between July 2017 and February 2018, with in situ work observations, six exploratory interviews and six semi-structured interviews. Results: An MTB workflow is progressively stabilized in four steps: 1) patient case submissions, 2) molecular analyses and results validation, 3) co-elaboration of therapeutic proposals, and 4) reporting during formal MTB sessions. The elaboration of a therapeutic proposal requires a framework for discussion that departs from the formality of institutional relationships, which was gradually incepted in this MTB. Conclusions : Firstly, our research showed that an MTB organizational process requires the five teaming components that characterizes a learning organization. It showed that at the organizational level, procedures can be stabilized without limiting practice flexibility. Secondly, this research highlighted the importance of non-clinical outcomes from an MTB, e.g. an important support network for the oncologist community.
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https://hal.ehesp.fr/hal-02976195
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Submitted on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 12:50:42 PM
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Nathalie Bot, Mathias Waelli. Implementing a clinical cutting-edge and decision-making activity: an ethnographic teamwork approach to a molecular tumorboard. BMC Health Services Research, BioMed Central, 2020, 20 (1), pp.922. ⟨10.1186/s12913-020-05786-2⟩. ⟨hal-02976195⟩

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