Risques sanitaires et perception sociale : Entre analyse experte et vécu du public exposé

Abstract : This article suggests that the psychosocial categories of risk perception in health and environment are at odds with the traditional ones known around the natural and technological hazards. Indeed, the people exposure to new risks, such as those from the technical objects, industrial facilities, does more to experience directly or through the sensory pathways or vectors of risk factors. As such, the scientific expertise of risk based on a computational method and device technology (metrology), is incomparable with subject perception and mutual recognition of health issues. So the character "indistinguishable" for the senses and not comprehensive by the reason is a gap-factor between experts and unitiated. The series of crises relate risk factors more "indistinguishable" (prions, viruses, nanoparticles, and active substances in small doses, etc.). While science and technology are working to synthesize them, to make traceability but failed to take control the diffusion and dissemination. Finally, it is in terms of management of uncertainty that confront the expert approach and the uninitiated approach. The qualitative characteristics (sensory, subjective) are also rationally justified than those on which the quantitative scientific assessment is based.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 17, 2018 - 11:27:55 PM
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Cyrille Harpet. Risques sanitaires et perception sociale : Entre analyse experte et vécu du public exposé. Pollution Atmosphérique : climat, santé, société, Le Kremlin Bicêtre : Revue Pollution atmosphérique, 2010. ⟨hal-01686943⟩

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